Estudio de Caso de Éxito: Implementación de Tecnología para La Gestión del Estrés en El Entorno Laboral

Beatriz Alberto Crespo Ruiz, Manuel León Jimenez, Jorge García-Unanue, Leonor Gallardo Guerrero, Luis Alberto Maicas Pérez

Resumo


El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue utilizar un evento deportivo como elemento estresor del sistema nervioso (SN) para estudiar cómo los empleados de un departamento concreto en una multinacional hotelera gestionaba el estrés y cuál era la calidad de recuperación con vistas a generar planes estratégicos a futuro de salud corporativa basados en indicadores de mejora (KPI). Se analizó la respuesta del SN antes y después de un evento deportivo con demanda física elevada (PRE/POST) en una población mixta de hombres y mujeres, 35 ± 2 años (n=14). Las variables analizadas fueron el porcentaje de total de horas del día donde el organismo reacciona a estímulos que le provocan estrés (% estrés) y recuperación (% recuperación) y la variabilidad cardiaca (RMSSD) como variable que analiza directamente el impacto que el estímulo estresor tiene en el organismo. Los resultados principales indicaron que el % estrés en ambos casos se mantiene estable (PRE 54% vs POST 59%) lo que puede indicar una buena adaptación a corto plazo a este parámetro, lo que se relaciona con el dato aportado por la RMSSD (PRE 45,80 ± 25,34 vs POST 50,62 ± 33,77). Sin embargo el % recuperación disminuye tras el evento deportivo a consecuencia del estímulo estresor generado (PRE 28% vs POST 19%), no recuperando los valores basales hasta pasados 3 días después del evento, lo que puede indicar una mala adaptación del grupo al estrés generado a medio plazo. Las principales conclusiones indican que el uso de tecnología de alto rendimiento deportivo enfocado a la productividad empresarial puede ser a futuro una herramienta útil y fiable que ayude a las compañías a generar nuevos KPI en materia de prevención de enfermedades laborales tales como el estrés.

Palavras-chave


recuperación; variabilidad cardiaca; recursos humanos; compañías; empleados; actividad física; salud.

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